Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Pros and Cons of Corporate Social Responsibility

Question: Discuss about thePros and Cons of Corporate Social Responsibility. Answer: Introduction Corporate Social Responsibility has become a necessity for many businesses in the current business environment. Advancement in the society has made it a necessity for companies to give back to the community in multiple ways. According to Jones, Bowd, and Tench (2009), Corporate Social Responsibility has developed its place and position whereby companies and corporations engage in philanthropic activities to the society. However, it is important to note that Corporate Social Responsibility just like any other activity has its advantages and disadvantages. Corporate social responsibility can benefit a company in many ways including improving the image of the company. This is because when a company engages in ethical activities like recycling of wastes, the company improves its images as it contributes to a clean and safe environment for the people. Moreover, customer relations are improved when a company engages in Corporate Social Responsibility. According to (Li Morrow, n.d.), it is evident that seventy percent of the people believe that companies are mandated to be socially responsible. Companies can be able to attract more revenues hence more cash flow since investors and customers prefer and enjoy working with a company that engages in Corporate Social Responsibility. Furthermore, companies that engage with Corporate Social Responsibility create a good rapport with the local authority. This is because most governments are likely to issue incentives and reduce scrutiny to such companies. Cost restrictions are one of the cons of companies engaging in Corporate Social Responsibility. It is difficult for a company to allocate some of its limited resources to Corporate Social Responsibility. This is because personnel and other overhead cost are required. It is believed that Corporate Social Responsibility is a deviation from the main agenda of a business that is to make a profit, which is the expectation of the shareholders (Tilt, 2016). In addition to this, it is difficult for small business to afford to engage in Corporate Social Responsibility due to its small finances. According to Trong Tuan (2012), many companies use Corporate Social Responsibility to deviate the attention of their flaws. For instance, a company that emits harmful gasses to the atmosphere will tend to engage in Corporate Social Responsibility activities to make people forget the effects of their activities to the environment. Corporate Social Responsibility in Colombia, Philippines, and Australia Corporate Social Responsibility in Colombia, Philippines, and Australia operate differently. In Colombia, companies are coerced to not only follow the business laws and regulation laid out by the country, but are also supposed to follow the international Corporate Social Responsibility guidelines (Maurer, 2009). This is different in Philippines where companies have charitable activities that drive events in the country. Employee volunteerism has made Corporate Social Responsibility even easier for businesses in the Philippines. This is because overhead costs such as salary are reduced. Moreover, most companies in the Philippines believe in goodwill, whereby they believe the society deserves something good (Onkila, 2013). Conversely, despite the increase in Corporate Social Responsibility activities in Australia, the country has remained stagnant in embracing CSR responsibilities. Companies in Australia have shunned away from Corporate Social Responsibility because it is viewed as not business-like and that it limits the ability if a company to grow (Chen Bouvain, 2008). The government of Colombia has ensured that there is a National Plan for Human Rights and Business where businesses are supposed to respect human rights through Corporate Social Responsibility while carrying out their operations. However, in Australia, companies are directed on what to do by the Corporate Social Responsibility center. It is evident that Australian companies do not understand that engagement in Corporate Social Responsibility is intertwined with their existence. This implies that the two countries operate differently from Philippines in terms of their engagement in corporate social responsibility. This is because organizations in Australia and Colombia are compelled to engage in Corporate Social Responsibility. However, in Philippines, the Chief Executive Officers initiate seventy-seven percent of the Corporate Social Responsibility through lobbying for support from clients and well-wishers (Welford, 2007). References Chen, S. and Bouvain, P. (2008). Is Corporate Responsibility Converging? Comparison of Corporate Responsibility Reporting in the USA, UK, Australia, and Germany.Journal of Business Ethics, 87(S1), pp.299-317. Jones, B., Bowd, R. and Tench, R. (2009). Corporate irresponsibility and corporate social responsibility: competing realities.Social Responsibility Journal, 5(3), pp.300-310. Li, Z. and Morrow, R. (n.d.). Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Financial Performance: An Empirical Analysis.SSRN Electronic Journal. Maurer, V. (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility and the Divided Corporate Self: The case of Chiquita in Colombia.Journal of Business Ethics, 88(S4), pp.595-603. Onkila, T. (2013). Pride or Embarrassment? Employees Emotions and Corporate Social Responsibility.Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 22(4), pp.222-236. Tilt, C. (2016). Corporate social responsibility research: the importance of context.International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, 1(1), p.4. Trong Tuan, L. (2012). Corporate social responsibility, ethics, and corporate governance.Social Responsibility Journal, 8(4), pp.547-560. Welford, R. (2007). Corporate governance and corporate social responsibility: issues for Asia.Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 14(1), pp.42-51.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Making Work Better free essay sample

This was done by showing the different bubblers that the white people|leaves the audience in no doubt at all that racism is evil. This is most evident in the | |Use the film terms that you have been taught in |and the Negro people had to use. The white bubbler was a refrigerated one and the |establishing sequence. This sequence began with a medium shot focussing on two water fountains. | |class- this will be good for C3 –aesthetics |Negro bubbler was a broken non-refrigerated one. This represents the racism that |The signage of white and colored, with the white sign being higher than the coloured was subtle | |The selection of items should be based on the |is present in Mississippi straight away and symbolises that the whites are the |representation of the hierarchy within the South. There is quite an extended amount of time on this| |best information to prove your point. We will write a custom essay sample on Making Work Better or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page You also |preferred race. This is followed on by a car of cops chasing the care of activists |shot, signifying its importance. The lighting shrouds the white drinker in darkness, again quite | |need to select evidence that will not impede the|and pulling them over. This results in the death of the three activists. This is |subtly positioning the audience to reject the values that privilege white people over Negro people. | |fluency of your writing. |authentic representation as the shooting of the three students actually happened. The fact that the light shines over the evidently substandard ‘colored’ fountain perhaps suggests | |Stick to formal register – police over cops for |The cops go on to joke about ‘killing’ a nigga’ and this represents the hatred and |that the director wants to ‘shine a light’ on the racism within Mississippi. When this is combined | |example – unless of course you are quoting |brutality that is shown towards the Negros. The attitude of the cops is juxtaposed|with the next sequence which shows the suspenseful chase scene shrouded in arkness from the | |dialogue |with the attitude of the activists by showing the cops in a bad light by using |perspective of the civil rights activists brutally murdered by Southerners, the perspective of the | |Try not to retell the story – I know it. |close ups and darkness when showing them whereas the activists have an innocence |director is blindingly obvious- racism is clearly evil. |Bold in your homework all C3 words as a way of |and a victimised representation to position the audience to sympathise for them, |Knowing the facts of what happened and then seeing it in a brutal recreation is gut wrenching in its| |giving yourself a quick visual check that you |and support the Negroes. The Ku Klux Klan is also a representation of racism in |ugliness. This evocative response is guaranteed when the naivete of the civil rights workers whom | |have covered all of them enough. |Mississippi. Symbolism and motifs are used to show where the Klan has been |the audience get to see are juxtaposed against the malevolent people chasing them (whom we don’t see| |Try to make sure your topic sentence and |present. These are by reoccurring music, burning cross, and white hoods. These |until the murder takes place). The close ups makes both the fear of the activists and the hatred of| |clincher sentence mirror each other without |things are authentic and support what actually happened in real life. Racism is |their pursuers very real to the audience. When the audience realises that it is the police not only| |directly repeating yourself. |represented effectively throughout the opening scenes in Mississippi Burning. |perpetrating the crime, but laughing about â€Å"killin’ a nigger’ (Parker, 1989) it is clear that | |Your perspective on the film should be very | |these racist values are abhorrent! These opening scenes establish the director’s perspective | |clear by the strong assertive judgement words | |clearly. Later in the film this is further represented by the excessive violence of the Ku Klux Klan| |used. Highlighted in yellow. | |(KKK). Commonly known motifs such as the white hoods and the burning cross make it clear this is a | |Adding in all of the important info means my | |film based upon a recognisable and authentically represented time in history which makes seeing the | |paragraph was too big, but you can see a natural| |visuals more powerful. These clever film and narrative techniques create a representation of racism| |break with sentences that can act as topic | |that one can’t help but despise. | |sentences and clincher sentences. DO NOT do | | | |monster paragraphs!! | | |

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

6 Steps to Compose a Professional Masters Research Proposal

6 Steps to Compose a Professional Masters Research Proposal 6 Steps to Compose a Professional Masters Research Proposal If you have completed your undergraduate studies, and you are interested in undertaking further studies to advance your academic career and qualifications, then the next stage of your assessment may include a master’s research proposal. What Is a Master’s Research Proposal? A master’s research proposal aims to demonstrate that you have identified a research subject that is worthy of investigation and study. It is also essential that you demonstrate that the research subject that you are considering is something that is manageable within the timescale that you would have available. The criteria that you need to consider is that your proposed research project would make a significant contribution to the understanding of that subject or the field in which you are studying. In this article, we will walk through some of the key elements that you need to include or consider in your master’s research proposal. Step 1 Title While at this stage of the process, the title that you give your research proposal is provisional only, it is important that you are clear and concise in your title, make sure that the reader can immediately understand the subject that you are proposing to study. Step 2 Introduction In the introduction, you should immediately highlight the questions that are central to the research that you are proposing. You need to be able to articulate the contribution that your research will make to the chosen field of study. Step 3 Background In this ‘background’ section, you are essentially taking the questions that you identified in your introduction and expanding on them, giving more depth and context. Try and set out your research questions in as much detail as possible. Explain to the reader the specific areas that are going to be exploring and why it is important that these areas are explored. Reinforce the contribution that this research will make to your academic discipline. Step 4 Research In this section, you need to set out the research methods that you will be using in this piece of work. Detail the sources that you intend to use, detail the analysis that you will need to complete. Also, make it clear where you are going to access the information that you need. Ensure that you are able to explain how this research is going to help you answer the research questions that you have identified in the introduction. Step 5 Schedule This part of your paper is particularly important for demonstrating that you have considered whether this project is manageable within the time period that you have available. This type of masters research is expected to take three or four years. Map out the work involved and demonstrate how you will be able to deliver your research within the time available. Step 6 Bibliography Any reference points that you have used in this proposal need to be properly documented in the bibliography part. This is the basic academic practice. Use a standard bibliography format that is accepted by your academic institution. A successful Master’s research proposal is an important step when taking your academic studies to the next level. Make sure that you consider all of the different requirements and give yourself the best chance for success.

Saturday, November 23, 2019

Marfans Syndrome essays

Marfans Syndrome essays Marfans Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the bodys connective tissue. Connective tissue makes up much of bone, cartilage, tendons and ligaments. Dr. Marfan first recognized Marfans Syndrome in 1896. The disorder affects about 1 in every 10,000 newborns and currently about 40,000 Americans have the disorder. In Marfans syndrome, a mutation in the genes causes a defect in the production of fibrillin. Fibrillin is the main building block in connective tissue. Patients with Marfans Syndrome suffer from many different problems because of their problem with the production of fibrillin. One problem that patients with Marfans Syndrome can have that is related to their weak connective tissue is skeletal abnormalities. Patients who have the disorder are usually very tall and have long limbs. Many times their chest caves inward and they have scoliosis. There are some who say that Abraham Lincoln had the disorder based on his lanky body and the fact that his relatives had the disease although, it has not been proved. Patients with Marfans Syndrome also develop eye problems many times. About 65 percent of patients with the disorder have ectopia lentis. This is where there is a dislocation in the lens of the eye due to weak ligaments within the eye. Marfans Syndrome also increases the chance of nearsightedness, cataracts and glaucoma in the eye. Another major problem with Marfans Syndrome is that many times patients have cardiovascular problems. The connective tissue of the heart and lungs is usually very weak in patients with the disorder. Many times, patients have trouble with the valves in their heart opening and closing. Also, their aortas can swell or can tear. This swelling or tearing usually leads to a leakage in blood when the heart pumps blood. The lungs in the body many times collapse because of weak connective tissue also. Most of the time cardiovascular...

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Tax planning clients Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Tax planning clients - Case Study Example The earnings set aside would be deposited in the flexible spending account and would be free of tax. That is, the funds deposited in the flexible spending account are not subject to taxation. According to the FSA provisions, the whole amount deposited in the flexible spending account should be spent within the coverage period specified otherwise; the non-spent amount is forfeited or subjected to taxation. According to the case, the couple never funded their flexible spending account; therefore, all their transactions are subject to tax. Below are questions and answers in reference to tax provisions. Q1: in general, if the insurance benefit is to be paid to the beneficiary at once, the amount is not subject to tax. However, if the insurance benefit is paid in monthly instalments, any interest that accumulates on top of the face value is taxable. By general law, life insurance benefits are excluded from tax. If, at the time of death, the owner of the insurance policy is the deceased, the insurance benefits are subject to tax (estate tax). However, if the deceased is not the owner of the insurance policy, at the time of death, the benefits are not subject to tax. With respect to the case in consideration, Tom was the owner of the life insurance policy at the time of his death. Therefore, Josephine would be required by the IRS to claim the face value of the life insurance for both federal and state tax purposes (Lal & Lal 56-120). Q 2: any amount spent by an individual on medical services is supposed to be reimbursed provided there is a scheme to that effect. In general, unreimbursed medical expenses are tax deductible. That is, the monetary worth of the medical service should be deducted from the gross income. If the amount spent by the Marchs on medical services is 10% of their adjusted gross income, they should deduct the unreimbursed medical expense from their gross profit. This move will reduce their gross

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Can the war on terror be understood in terms of realism Essay

Can the war on terror be understood in terms of realism - Essay Example These are some of the questions that this paper seeks to address. In the quest to understand and clearly explain the understanding of war on terror from a realist’s angle this paper shall be divided into six main parts. Part I shall be introductory chapter. Here the will be no deep analysis but rather introducing the subject matter. Here the paper shall be generally giving an overview of what shall be later broken down and explained in nitty gritty. The second Part is dealing with Realism as a school of thought. Here the paper shall delve into what actually is the scope of the realism school of thinking. The paper shall also discuss the proponents of this school of thought as well as their contributions. The third part shall be tackling war on terror itself. Here the paper talks about what components are considered when we are discussing the war on terror. The paper shall examine why is it that terrorism is treated as a war and not just a crime. The next part shall be assessing the dilemma that exists between war on terror against the desire to protect human rights and the rule of law. Why is it that the proponents of realism theory especially on war on terror are normally in conflicting opinions with the human rights activists? After the analysis the paper gives position as to how human rights can be understood from the realist’s perspective. ... This awareness has quite increased since the 9/11 bombing by Al Qaeda. This was not the first bombing as there had been others. However, after that the American government declared war on terror the question being asked is whether the average American feels safer than before or if there is paranoia. This war on terror extended to Afghanistan. For sometime people that this war would only lasts a few days or months but it took years. Some analysts began to view it as a political war. Then the human rights activists began questioning the legitimacy of the means by which this war on terror was generally being conducted. Debates emerged trying to explain the reasons and rationale for the wars. Several schools of thought emerged. Realism also emerged but has faced criticisms from other scholars especially whose with a bias towards human rights activism. What relationship is created between realism theory and the war on terror? Some scholars such Mearsheimer argues that war on terror is act uated by the fact threats exist and people are not safer than earlier before. It is for the this reason that Meiseshemier actually propounds that united states have used the realism school of thought as United State requires security. This is the reality according to Mearsheimer. Stephen D. Kranshen propounds that realism is all about international relations. These two theories as much as they are from the same realist angle they vary in meaning. However a critical analysis shows that there is a nexus between these two. 3.0 Realism as a school of reasoning Realism is a school of thought which in political science and a philosophical sense seeks to offer explanation on the foreign policy that has remained consistent and is still existent over a

Sunday, November 17, 2019

House On Mango Street Book Report Essay Example for Free

House On Mango Street Book Report Essay At the beginning of the story, readers learn about a girl named Esperanza whose life has always been unstable and has always been moving from house to house constantly. Benumbed by all the hardships she’s had to deal with Esperanza longs to live in a beautiful house of her own. Children in Esperanza’s neighborhood never play with the opposite sex, and the only friend Esperanza has is her little sister, whom she is ashamed to be seen with. Discouraged and degraded, Esperanza goes through life labeling herself as being uglier than everyone else; the only way she can make a friend is by giving two girls called Rachel and Lucy, five dollars to buy a new bike. Esperanza likes the way her name sounds in Spanish, but dislikes her name in English, she is always ashamed to tell people her name. Frozen in a life of poverty, Esperanza befriends a girl called Marin, who dances under streetlights at night and dreams of a man to marry her and take her away to live in the barrio. Gullible foreigners who get lost and travel to Esperanza’s neighborhood always fear getting assaulted because of its appearance; only the inhabitants of the neighborhood know the truth about everyone who lives there. Hopelessly meek, Esperanza always allows people to run over her mentally and emotionally, she only says yes to all the negative comments said to her by Rachel, Lucy, and the Superior Sister at her school. Inspired by her own life a girl named Alicia whose mother has died, overloads herself studying, going to school, and taking the role of a mother for her siblings and father in order to escape the life of poverty that seems to be destined for all Latino families. Jumping and playing, the neighborhood kids all look at clouds to entertain themselves with, one kid even calls a cloud he sees God, Kinky and grown, the girls receive a pair of high heeled shoes that fit them all perfectly; these shoes cause the girls to be warned about trouble, and cause them to receive sexual comments about themselves. Later on in the story, Esperanza’s mother buys her a new dress but no new shoes, this causes Esperanza to not want anyone to see her, but she dances with her uncle and catches the attention of a young boy. Moved by her family, Esperanza gets a new job while lying about her age, she befriends a coworker and ends up kissing him. Now frightened, Esperanza learns that her grandfather has died and sees her father cry for the first time. Obliged to believe she’s going to hell, Esperanza makes fun of her aunt one day, then find out that she has died the next day. Prior to going home one day, Esperanza gets her fortune read and is told that she is filled with jealousy, sorrow, and cares solely about luxury. Quarreling with the police Marin meets a man at a club who is then hit in a car accident and dies at the hospital because no one was able to treat him. Receiving her first crush, Esperanza admires a neighborhood punk called Sire. Sealed to an unwanted life, a mother who has just moved in speaks no English and is condemned to isolation because she yearns to return to her home country. Tortured by her husband, a woman named Rafaela is locked in her own home and cannot leave because her husband fears she’ll leave him. Unusually beautiful, a girl named Sally is beaten by her father because he doesn’t want her to bring shame to his family by getting pregnant and running off with a boy, just like her sisters did. Violently betrayed, Esperanza is sexually assaulted when she is left alone by Sally at a carnival. Waken up, Esperanza realizes Sally willingly seeks men to escape her father, and never really cared about Esperanza the way Esperanza was faithfully loyal to her. Xenon colored heart, Esperanza blames her trauma on women because they never told her the truth about sexual intercourse. Y oung and still traumatized, Esperanza realizes that whether she likes it or not, Mango street is always going to be her home, and she learns about the true, horrid experience that women have to go through. Zoo like experiences change the narrator forever and she promises to always return to Mango Street and save those who couldn’t save themselves.